Quick Answer: What Should You Check Before Administering Medication?

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Each route has specific purposes, advantages, and disadvantages.Oral route.

Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets.

Injection routes.

Sublingual and buccal routes.

Rectal route.

Vaginal route.

Ocular route.

Otic route.

Nasal route.More items….

How is the route of administration of medication determined?

A route of administration in pharmacology and toxicology is the path by which a drug, fluid, poison, or other substance is taken into the body. Routes of administration are generally classified by the location at which the substance is applied. Common examples include oral and intravenous administration.

How can a nurse become negligent with medication administration?

Improper Administration of Medication If the nurse fails to follow the orders, she or he will be liable for malpractice if the patient is injured. The nurse may also be liable for negligently following otherwise proper orders, like injecting a medication into muscle instead of a vein or injecting the wrong patient.

Why is the timing of medication administration important?

They need to be given at specific times, such as every morning, to keep that amount of drug in your system. Taking a dose too soon could lead to drug levels that are too high, and missing a dose or waiting too long between doses could lower the amount of drug in your body and keep it from working properly.

What are the parenteral routes of administration?

There are five commonly used routes of parenteral (route other than digestive tract) administration: subcutaneous (SC/SQ), intraperitoneal (IP), intravenous (IV), intrader- mal (ID), and intramuscular (IM). Not all techniques are appropriate for each species.

How do you check medication before administering?

These checks are done before administering the medication to your patient. If taking the drug to the bedside (e.g., eye drops), do a third check at the bedside….Additional InformationThe right patient.The right medication (drug)The right dose.The right route.The right time.The right reason.The right documentation.

What is crucial for the nurse to know before administering medication?

Before administering medication, it is critical to have five areas of information correct: patient identification, medication, dosage, time, and route. … The final check occurs at the patient’s bedside just before medications are given. This is also an outstanding opportunity to teach the patient about the medications.

What is a medication check?

A medication check-up is a service provided by pharmacists. This service is sometimes called medication therapy management or MTM. A medication check-up is more than. answering questions when you pick up. a prescription.

What is the fastest route of drug administration?

Intravenous (IV) drug use in which the drug is injected directly into a vein and enters the bloodstream to reach the brain. This is the quickest way of achieving a psycho-active drug effect.

What are the abbreviations for the routes of administration?

Route of Administration AbbreviationsAUAuricular (Otic); administration to or by way of the ear.IGASIntragastric; administration within the stomach.ILESIntralesional; administration within or introduced directly into a localized lesion.IMIntramuscular; administration within a muscle.33 more rows

Should you wear gloves when administering medication?

When you are giving some types of medications, it is necessary to wear gloves. … Wearing gloves does not take away the need for handwashing: Always wash your hands as soon as you take your gloves off. And, only wear a pair of gloves to complete a specific task for a specific individual.

What are the 7 rights for medication administration?

To ensure safe medication preparation and administration, nurses are trained to practice the “7 rights” of medication administration: right patient, right drug, right dose, right time, right route, right reason and right documentation [12, 13].

What are the 4 basic rules for medication administration?

The “rights” of medication administration include right patient, right drug, right time, right route, and right dose. These rights are critical for nurses.

What is Level 3 medication?

This medication online course provides all the knowledge requirements for the safe control, handling and administration of medicines in social and domiciliary care environments.

Is it OK to take medicine immediately after eating?

As a general rule, medicines that are supposed to be taken on an empty stomach should be taken about an hour before a meal, or 2 hours after a meal. Forgetting these instructions on rare occasions is unlikely to do any harm, but taking these medicines with food regularly may mean they don’t work.

What is the correct way to administer medication?

Oral administration. This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. … Sublingual. … Rectal administration. … Topical administration. … Parenteral administration. … Intravenous injection.

What are the 3 checks of medication administration?

WHAT ARE THE THREE CHECKS? Checking the: – Name of the person; – Strength and dosage; and – Frequency against the: Medical order; • MAR; AND • Medication container.

What are the key points when applying creams?

Staff should wear disposable gloves when administering creams, ointments or emollients. Corticosteroid creams and ointment need to be applied thinly – this minimises the amount absorbed into the body through the skin. When applying a moisturising cream or ointment (emollient) this can be applied liberally.

What are the 5 rules for the administration of medication?

One of the recommendations to reduce medication errors and harm is to use the “five rights”: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time.

What are the nursing responsibilities when administering medications?

Roles of Nursing Students in Medication Administrationengage in safe medication practices, and contribute to a culture of safety.know the limits of own knowledge, skill and judgment, and seek help.assess the appropriateness of the medication practice by considering the patient, the medication, and the environment.More items…