- Neuroscientists Say This Song Reduces Anxiety By 65 Percent
- What is Anxiety?
- How Does Music Reduce Anxiety?
- What do you think? Is this song reducing your anxiety? Leave a comment below.
- Cognitive behaviour therapy for anxiety in adolescent with early prodromal of psychosis at boarding school
- Neuroscience Says Listening to This Song Reduces Anxiety by Up to 65 Percent
- (PDF) Effectiveness of “Naik Becak” Song as Music Therapy for Preoperative Anxiety by Nursing Approach
- Can a song cure your anxiety?
- Facts & Statistics
- Worldwide Statistics
- Treatment Options
- [Full text] The Effect of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus on Neuropsychological Symptoms | NDT
- Clinical Data Collection
- Diagnostic Criteria for AD
- Diagnosis of the Early Stage of AD
- Assessment of Cognitive Function
Neuroscientists Say This Song Reduces Anxiety By 65 Percent
“Did I read that correctly?”
Why yes, yes you did.
Neuroscientists say that after conducting various research, they’ve discovered a song that can literally reduce your anxiety by up to 65%!
What is Anxiety?
Anxiety is an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behavior, such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints, and rumination.
It is the subjectively unpleasant feelings of dread over anticipated events, such as the feeling of imminent death.
Anxiety is not the same as fear, which is a response to a real or perceived immediate threat, whereas anxiety is the expectation of future threat.
Anxiety is a feeling of uneasiness and worry, usually generalized and unfocused as an overreaction to a situation that is only subjectively seen as menacing.
It is often accompanied by muscular tension, restlessness, fatigue and problems in concentration. Anxiety can be appropriate, but when experienced regularly the individual may suffer from an anxiety disorder.
How Does Music Reduce Anxiety?
Mindlab International here in the UK were curious to figure out which kind of music leads to the highest state of relaxation. Researchers conducted a study which involved having participants try to solve difficult puzzles. Which inherently triggered a certain degree of stress, while connected to sensors.
At the same time, participants listened to a range of songs as researchers measured their brain activity, heart rate, blood pressure and rate of breathing.
What they found is that one song — “Weightless” — resulted in a striking 65 percent reduction in participants’ overall anxiety, and a 35 percent reduction in their usual physiological resting rates.
Interestingly, the song was specifically designed to induce this highly relaxed state.
Created by Marconi Union, the musicians teamed up with sound therapists to carefully arrange harmonies, rhythms and bass lines, which in turn slow a listener’s heart rate and blood pressure, while also lowering stress hormones cortisol.
In fact, the music is so effective, that many of the female participants became drowsy — to the point where lead researcher Dr. David Lewis-Hodgson advises against listening to it while driving.
Still not convinced that a simple song can reduce your anxiety that dramatically?
Take a listen to the song yourself!
It’s 8 minutes long, so I suggest listening to it when you get some downtime. Maybe you’re reading, laying in bed, relaxing etc.
What do you think? Is this song reducing your anxiety? Leave a comment below.
Cognitive behaviour therapy for anxiety in adolescent with early prodromal of psychosis at boarding school
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Neuroscience Says Listening to This Song Reduces Anxiety by Up to 65 Percent
Everyone knows they need to manage their stress. When things get difficult at work, school, or in your personal life, you can use as many tips, tricks, and techniques as you can get to calm your nerves.
So here's a science-backed one: make a playlist of the 10 songs found to be the most relaxing on earth.
Sound therapies have long been popular as a way of relaxing and restoring one's health. For centuries, indigenous cultures have used music to enhance well-being and improve health conditions.
Now, neuroscientists the UK have specified which tunes give you the most bang for your musical buck.
The study was conducted on participants who attempted to solve difficult puzzles as quickly as possible while connected to sensors. The puzzles induced a certain level of stress, and participants listened to different songs while researchers measured brain activity as well as physiological states that included heart rate, blood pressure, and rate of breathing.
According to Dr. David Lewis-Hodgson of Mindlab International, which conducted the research, the top song produced a greater state of relaxation than any other music tested to date.
In fact, listening to that one song — “Weightless” — resulted in a striking 65 percent reduction in participants' overall anxiety, and a 35 percent reduction in their usual physiological resting rates.
Equally remarkable is the fact the song was actually constructed to do so. The group that created “Weightless”, Marconi Union, did so in collaboration with sound therapists. Its carefully arranged harmonies, rhythms, and bass lines help slow a listener's heart rate, reduce blood pressure and lower levels of the stress hormone cortisol.
When it comes to lowering anxiety, the stakes couldn't be higher. Stress either exacerbates or increases the risk of health issues heart disease, obesity, depression, gastrointestinal problems, asthma, and more. More troubling still, a recent paper Harvard and Stanford found health issues from job stress alone cause more deaths than diabetes, Alzheimer's, or influenza.
In this age of constant bombardment, the science is clear: if you want your mind and body to last, you've got to prioritize giving them a rest. Music is an easy way to take some of the pressure off of all the pings, dings, apps, tags, texts, emails, appointments, meetings, and deadlines that can easily spike your stress level and leave you feeling drained and anxious.
Of the top track, Dr. David Lewis-Hodgson said, “'Weightless' was so effective, many women became drowsy and I would advise against driving while listening to the song because it could be dangerous.”
So don't drive while listening to these, but do take advantage of them:
10. “We Can Fly,” by Rue du Soleil (Café Del Mar)
9. “Canzonetta Sull'aria,” by Mozart
8. “Someone You,” by Adele
7. “Pure Shores,” by All Saints
6. “Please Don't Go,” by Barcelona
5. “Strawberry Swing,” by Coldplay
3. “Mellomaniac (Chill Out Mix),” by DJ Shah
2. “Electra,” by Airstream
1. “Weightless,” by Marconi Union
I made a public playlist of all of them on Spotify that runs about 50 minutes (it's also downloadable).
There's also a free 10-hour version of “Weightless” available if you want a longer listening experience.
“Where words fail, music speaks.” — Hans Christian Andersen
Published on: May 30, 2017
The opinions expressed here by Inc.com columnists are their own, not those of Inc.com.
(PDF) Effectiveness of “Naik Becak” Song as Music Therapy for Preoperative Anxiety by Nursing Approach
Volume 1 | Issue 6 | 3 of 4Nur Primary Care, 2017
Age (in years) Percentage
Table 1: Frequency of ages.
From the table 1 can be seen that the majority of patients who
underwent surgery were at the age of 17-35 years of 57.4%. The
high incidence of surgery at that age because the majority of
patients who perform surgery is a patient with fault and fracture
due to accidents and appendicitis. the national health
survey data conducted by the Central Bureau of Statistics of the
Republic of Indonesia shows the number of productive age reaches
44.98% and 25.92% of the total productive age is in the age range
17-35 years who live in urban areas . The number of productive
ages will continue to increase until 2025 .
Anxiety level Before After
No anxiety 19.1 55.3
Mild 29.7 31.9
Moderate 31.9 12.8
Severe 17 0
Panic 2.12 0
Table 2: Anxiety level on preoperative.
the ndings data in the study sites showed that 31.9%
of patients experienced moderate anxiety levels. This happens
because the majority of patients still feel anxious about the process
that they will live is a new thing that happens in their lives so
they fear if the implementation and post-surgery will feel great
pain. Postoperative pain is one of the factors that can cause anxiety
in patients who will undergo surgery. In addition to pain, some
other factors that may cause anxiety in patients who will undergo
surgery include complications from the surgery and their family
concerns that excessive to the patient so that the families as a
support system that can help reduce the anxiety of patients to be
not working properly .
Through the process of nursing approach and song therapy
conducted by nurses to patients who will undergo the operation
process showed that there is a signicant change. The rst changes
occurred in patients who initially were at panic anxiety levels,
decreased anxiety levels to moderate anxiety levels after 15
minutes of therapy. This success occurs because the patient feels
that the song is played fun and reminds him of his childhood when
on an excursion with his parents. Using a simple songs, cheerful
and fun is an exceptional feature of music therapy performed on
this research. Music therapy is believed to reduce the level of
anxiety in general, only the selection of music used will certainly
be able to inuence the success of this therapy in reducing anxiety
. Choosing the right song to listen can lower an anxiety level of
65% and can reduce a person's physical fatigue by 35% .
Category rank N Mean rank p-Value
Negative rank 45 23.81 0.000
Positive rank 1 9.50
Table 3: Analysis of dierences in level of anxiety using Wilcoxon match
the data in Table 3 shows that statistically majority of
patients experienced decreased preoperative anxiety level after
the therapy of listening to the song for 15 minutes. This is also
strengthened by the observation of the researcher in patients who
do therapy. Majority of them express the feeling calmer, some
of them also exist that can instantly smile when played songs,
and some say such a moment forget the things that had made
him anxious to know that they should undergo surgery process.
Several factors may aect anxiety levels before surgery, such as
the fear of pain after surgery, fear of facing the operating room
or even fear that their surgery fails. These factors aect changes
in physical response such as increased vital signs, muscle tension
or even emotional responses such as feeling helpless and fearful.
Giving music to patients before surgery can help to lower stress-
related hormones, diverting our attention from fear, anxiety and
tension, activating endorphin hormones and improving feelings of
Changes in anxiety levels in patients undergoing surgery also
show that there is a patient who does not experience anxiety level
changes and a patient who has an increased level of anxiety. A
patient who does not experience a decrease in anxiety level is
possible due to an increase in somatic and gastrointestinal side.
It is strengthened by the condition of patients with appendicitis.
Patients who had appendicitis tend to have very great pain and
diculty to control on his abdomen. It is also evident from the
increase in the sensation felt by the patient on the side of the
somatic and gastrointestinal section.
one other patient the measurement of anxiety levels
according to the anxiety level scale HARS indicates an increased
degree of anxiety on the autonomous part is possible because the
patient is a cesarean patient with the rst childbirth with umbilical
cord indication. It can stimulate autonomic nervous function
in the human body acting under human consciousness which,
among other things, regulates the function and respiratory system,
cardiovascular, vasomotor and some reex movements so that the
manifestation of the increased function of the autonomic nerves
may be felt by the patient such as headache and sweating easily.
The success of music therapy cannot be separated from other
factors that can inuence it. Acute disease state or condition which
is considered very threatening for patients who will undergo
surgery process can aect the success of music therapy in reducing
anxiety . For that additional therapy is needed such as family
support or even other therapies including pharmacological therapy.
Can a song cure your anxiety?
Music and sound therapy are often used to alleviate the symptoms of stress and anxiety. It can relax us and improve our sense of wellbeing. But can one song – or any piece of music – really be a universal cure for these complex mental health conditions?
The calmest song in the world
A team of neuroscientists from the UK, led by Dr David Lewis-Hodgson of Mindlab International, recently conducted research into the effects of different pieces of music on people’s stress levels. The people participating in the study were connected to sensors while completing a series of difficult, stress-inducing puzzles in the shortest possible time, to various pieces of music.
Their brain activity and physiological responses, including heart rate, breathing rate, and blood pressure, were monitored throughout the process.
This research revealed that while listening to the song “Weightless” by Marconi Union, participants’ overall anxiety was reduced by 65 percent. They also experienced a 35 percent reduction in their usual resting physiological rates.
Interestingly, “Weightless” was deliberately designed to have this effect. The group who created the song worked with sound therapists to devise rhythms, harmonies and bass lines which would reduce levels of the stress hormone cortisol, and lower the heart rate and blood pressure.
Could this song be the miracle cure for stress?
There seems little doubt, according to this research, that “Weightless” has a positive impact on reducing stress and anxiety. However, several key factors suggest that this may not be as clear-cut as it initially appears.
Firstly, Mindlab International, the team which conducted the research, is a market research company which uses behavioural insights to inform marketing campaigns. This suggests that the experiment was not purely a scientific study, but was probably driven by a marketing agenda.
The research revealed a “Top 10” of stress-reducing pieces of music, but no information was given about how many songs or musical genres the participants actually listened to, or who chose the pieces that were used and why. The number of participants is also not given, or any information about whether they were sufferers of stress and anxiety or not.
Secondly, as we are all individuals, we all respond to music in different ways. What one person finds relaxing, somebody else might find annoying. Another person may have significant memories around a piece of music, which colour the way they feel about it, as music is highly evocative. A piece of music which recalled a bad memory could actually increase levels of stress and anxiety.
Therefore, it’s highly unly that this research can be taken on face value.
Why stress reduction matters
Stress and anxiety are extremely prevalent in today’s society. One in four of us will suffer from a mental health condition at some point during our lives. Stress is a leading cause of time taken off work, and as well as the negative mental and emotional effects, it can also lead to physical health conditions including heart disease, high blood pressure, and asthma.
Therefore, it is essential that we take steps to reduce the amount of stress and anxiety we experience in our lives, to make sure we can continue to be healthy and productive.
As managers, it’s essential to have a good awareness of mental health issues and how excessive stress can manifest in themselves and in their employees. One of the greatest skills a manager can bring to work is self-awareness. Your workers should feel safe being able to talk about their mental health at work.
A manager that is not afraid to show their own vulnerabilities and is aware of the tell-tale signs of an overwhelmed employee will help to create a supportive and mentally healthy culture.
Listening to the same song won’t work for everyone – but knowing they have the support and understanding they need will have hugely positive effects in the vast majority of cases.
If you would more information about mental health at work, please get in touch.
Facts & Statistics
- Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the U.S., affecting 40 million adults in the United States age 18 and older, or 18.1% of the population every year.
- Anxiety disorders are highly treatable, yet only 36.9% of those suffering receive treatment.
- People with an anxiety disorder are three to five times more ly to go to the doctor and six times more ly to be hospitalized for psychiatric disorders than those who do not suffer from anxiety disorders.
- Anxiety disorders develop from a complex set of risk factors, including genetics, brain chemistry, personality, and life events.
It's not uncommon for someone with an anxiety disorder to also suffer from depression or vice versa.
Nearly one-half of those diagnosed with depression are also diagnosed with an anxiety disorder.
Find out more about depression.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)GAD affects 6.8 million adults, or 3.1% of the U.S. population, yet only 43.2% are receiving treatment.
Women are twice as ly to be affected as men. GAD often co-occurs with major depression.
Panic Disorder (PD)PD affects 6 million adults, or 2.7% of the U.S. population.
Women are twice as ly to be affected as men.
Social Anxiety DisorderSAD affects 15 million adults, or 6.8% of the U.S. population.
SAD is equally common among men and women andtypically begins around age 13. According to a 2007 ADAA survey, 36% of people with social anxiety disorder report experiencing symptoms for 10 or more years before seeking help.
Specific PhobiasSpecific phobias affect 19 million adults, or 8.7% of the U.S. population.Women are twice as ly to be affected as men.Symptoms typically begin in childhood; the average age-of-onset is 7 years old.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are closely related to anxiety disorders, which some may experience at the same time, along with depression.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)OCD affects 2.2 million adults, or 1.0% of the U.S. population.OCD is equally common among men and women.
The average age of onset is 19, with 25 percent of cases occurring by age 14. One-third of affected adults first experienced symptoms in childhood.
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)PTSD affects 7.7 million adults, or 3.5% of the U.S. population.Women are more ly to be affected than men.Rape is the most ly trigger of PTSD: 65% of men and 45.9% of women who are raped will develop the disorder.
Childhood sexual abuse is a strong predictor of lifetime lihood for developing PTSD.
Major Depressive DisorderThe leading cause of disability in the U.S. for ages 15 to 44.3.MDD affects more than 16.1 million American adults, or about 6.7%of the U.S. population age 18 and older in a given year.While major depressive disorder can develop at any age, the median age at onset is 32.5 years old.
More prevalent in women than in men.
Persistent depressive disorder, or PDD,(formerly called dysthymia) is a form of depression that usually continues for at least two years.
Affects approximately 1.5 percent of the U.S. population age 18 and older in a given year. (about 3.3 million American adults). Only 61.7% of adults with MDD are receiving treatment. The average age of onset is 31 years old.
(Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Many people with an anxiety disorder also have a co-occurring disorder or physical illness, which can make their symptoms worse and recovery more difficult. It’s essential to be treated for both disorders.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are closely related to anxiety disorders, which some may experience at the same time, along with depression.
Read on to learn more about the co-occurrence of anxiety and these disorders:
Anxiety disorders affect 25.1% of children between 13 and 18 years old. Research shows that untreated children with anxiety disorders are at higher risk to perform poorly in school, miss out on important social experiences, and engage in substance abuse.
Anxiety disorders also often co-occur with other disorders such as depression, eating disorders, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Anxiety is as common among older adults as among the young. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is the most common anxiety disorder among older adults, though anxiety disorders in this population are frequently associated with traumatic events such as a fall or acute illness. Read the best way to treat anxiety disorders in older adults.
Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide. Almost 75% of people with mental disorders remain untreated in developing countries with almost 1 million people taking their lives each year.
In addition, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), 1 in 13 globally suffers from anxiety.
The WHO reports that anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorders worldwide with specific phobia, major depressive disorder and social phobia being the most common anxiety disorders.2
Anxiety disorders are treatable, and the vast majority of people with an anxiety disorder can be helped with professional care. Several standard approaches have proved effective:
Learn about online therapy at BetterHelp.com.
[Full text] The Effect of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus on Neuropsychological Symptoms | NDT
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a common disease that causes dementia, and by 2050 there will be more than 100 million AD patients worldwide.
1 Cognitive decline is the core symptom of AD, but most AD patients are often accompanied by neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS), and some patients even seek treatment at the first time because of NPS.
In recent years, more attention has been paid to NPS of AD patients, but the early stage of AD patients may have different and atypical NPS, which are easily overlooked clinically.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic metabolic disease mainly manifested as hyperglycemia, characterized by insulin resistance and relative reduction of insulin. Studies have found that T2DM often causes a variety of NPS, such as anxiety and depression which are about twice as common as normal people.
2 When AD patients are combined with T2DM, their pathological changes are aggravated and their cognitive impairment is accelerated.3 It is not clear whether T2DM has any effect on the occurrence of NPS in the early stage of AD patients. This study provides an important clinical basis for the prevention and treatment of NPS by analyzing the risk factors associated with NPS in the early stage of AD patients.
Continuously collected 158 early stage of AD patients who were treated at Daping Hospital from September 2017 to March 2019. Inclusion criteria: 1) age ≥ 65 years; 2) diagnosis of AD; 3) clinical dementia rating (CDR) score of 0.
5 or 1; 4) completion of the Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory-Questionnaire (NPI-Q) assessment; 5) completion of laboratory inspection and imaging examination.
Exclusion criteria: 1) a clear history of stroke, brain trauma, and intracranial tumors; 2) a clear history of psychosis; 3) non-AD dementia patients; 4) other neurological diseases that may affect cognition or cause NPS; 5) unfinished MMSE, CDR or NPI-Q assessment.
The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Daping Hospital of the Army Medical University (numbered: Medical Research (2018) No. 60), and all participants or guardians provided written informed consent to be included in this study, and that this study was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.
Clinical Data Collection
Age, gender, BMI, smoking and alcohol consumption, history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, WML, T2DM and MMSE, CDR and NPI-Q scores were collected.
Diagnostic Criteria for AD
The diagnostic criteria for AD are the National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke and the Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Disorders Association diagnostic criteria (NINCDS-ADRDA criteria).
4 Vascular dementia and mixed dementia were excluded using the Hachinski Ischemic Scale (HIS score ≥ 4).5 Lewy body dementia was excluded using by the fourth edition of the Lewy Body Dementia Diagnosis and Management Consensus.
6 The use of frontotemporal dementia clinical diagnostic guidelines to exclude frontotemporal dementia.7
Diagnosis of the Early Stage of AD
The CDR scale was evaluated in AD patients, and the CDR score of 0.5 or 1 was defined as the early stage of AD.8 Scoring criteria: Memory (M) is the main item and the others are the secondary items.
CDR=M, if at least three secondary items scores are the same as the M scores; CDR=most secondary items score when three or more secondary items are scored higher or lower than the M score; three secondary items are scored on one side of M, two secondary items are scored on the other side of M, CDR=M; when M=0.
5, if at least three other items are scored 1 or above, CDR=1; when M=0.5, the CDR cannot be 0, only 0.5 or 1.
Assessment of Cognitive Function
MMSE is used to measure cognitive function. The boundary score of MMSE was defined as